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How to Raise Cattle in a Hoop Barn for Maximum Efficiency

Cows sheltering in the hoop barn during the snow storm

Cows sheltering in the hoop barn during the snow storm

Cattle farming is a rewarding and profitable business, but it requires careful planning. To get the most out of your investment, you need to ensure that your animals are comfortable and safe. That’s why many farmers are turning to hoop barns to protect their livestock from the elements and maximize efficiency. In this article, we’ll explain what a hoop barn is, the benefits of raising cattle in a hoop barn, and tips for building and caring for your cattle in one.

What is a Hoop Barn?

A hoop barn is a type of livestock shelter that has grown in popularity in recent years. It is a low-cost, movable structure made from galvanized steel frames and a durable fabric cover. Hoop barns are relatively easy to construct and provide excellent protection from the elements. They are also customizable, so you can create a design that works best for your needs.

Benefits of Raising Cattle in a Hoop Barn

Hoop barns offer a variety of advantages for cattle farmers. Here are a few of the most important benefits of raising cattle in a hoop barn:

  • Cost efficiency: Hoop barns are much more cost-effective than traditional barns. They are easier and cheaper to construct, and the fabric cover can be purchased at a fraction of the cost of traditional barns.
  • Protection from the elements: Hoop barns provide excellent protection from the elements. The fabric cover blocks out wind and rain, and the galvanized steel frames are strong and durable.
  • Improved air quality: The fabric cover of a hoop barn also helps to improve air quality inside the structure. The fabric is breathable and allows air to move freely, resulting in a healthier environment for your cattle.
  • Flexibility: Hoop barns are highly flexible and can be customized to fit your needs. You can choose the size, shape, and number of doors to best suit your operation.

Factors to Consider When Choosing a Hoop Barn

When selecting a hoop barn for your cattle, there are several factors you should consider. Here are a few of the most important ones:

  • Location: The location of your hoop barn is important for two reasons. First, you’ll want to make sure that it’s in an area that’s safe from predators. Second, you’ll want to make sure that it’s in an area that gets plenty of sunlight, as this will help to keep your animals warm in the winter.
  • Size: The size of your hoop barn will depend on the size of your operation. If you’re raising a small herd, a smaller hoop barn may be sufficient. But if you’re raising a larger herd, you’ll need to consider a larger hoop barn.
  • Durability: When selecting a hoop barn, you’ll want to make sure that it’s made from durable materials that can withstand the elements. The galvanized steel frames should be rust-resistant and capable of withstanding high winds. The fabric cover should be waterproof and able to block out the sun.

Planning the Design of Your Hoop Barn

Once you’ve selected a hoop barn, you’ll need to plan the design of your structure. Here are a few factors to consider when designing your hoop barn:

  • Layout: You’ll need to decide how many areas you want in your hoop barn and how they will be arranged. You’ll also need to determine the number of doors and windows you’ll need to provide adequate ventilation.
  • Ventilation: Ventilation is important for keeping your cattle healthy and comfortable. You’ll need to make sure that your hoop barn is well-ventilated and free from drafts.
  • Lighting: You’ll also need to consider the lighting in your hoop barn. Natural lighting is best, but you may need to install artificial lighting if your area doesn’t get enough sun.

Building the Hoop Barn

Once you’ve designed your hoop barn, it’s time to start building. Here are a few tips to help you get started:

  • Gather materials: The first step is to gather the materials you’ll need to build your hoop barn. You’ll need galvanized steel frames, fabric cover, fasteners, and tools.
  • Assemble the frames: Once you’ve gathered the materials, you’ll need to assemble the frames. If you’re using a kit, the instructions should be easy to follow. If not, you may need to hire a professional to help you.
  • Install the cover: Once the frames are assembled, you’ll need to install the fabric cover. Make sure to secure the cover tightly to the frames to ensure that it will be able to withstand the elements.

Installing the Necessary Equipment in Your Hoop Barn

Once your hoop barn is built, you’ll need to install the necessary equipment. Here are a few items you’ll need to consider:

  • Feeders: You’ll need to install feeders to provide your cattle with food. Make sure to choose feeders that are durable and designed for use in a hoop barn.
  • Bedding: Bedding is essential for keeping your cattle comfortable. You can use straw, sawdust, or other types of bedding in your hoop barn.
  • Heaters: If you live in an area with cold winters, you may need to install heaters in your hoop barn. Propane heaters are the most popular, as they are relatively inexpensive and provide plenty of warmth.

Caring for Cattle in Your Hoop Barn

Once your hoop barn is built and equipped, you’ll need to make sure that your cattle are well cared for. Here are a few tips for keeping your cattle healthy and comfortable:

  • Provide plenty of food and water: Make sure that your cattle have access to plenty of food and clean water at all times.
  • Keep the barn clean: Clean out the barn regularly to prevent the buildup of bacteria and parasites.
  • Monitor for health issues: Make sure to monitor your cattle for any signs of illness or injury. If you notice anything, contact a vet immediately.

Tips for Raising Dairy Cows in a Hoop Barn

Raising dairy cows in a hoop barn requires some extra care. Here are a few tips to keep in mind:

  • Provide plenty of space: Dairy cows need plenty of space to move around. Make sure that your hoop barn is large enough to accommodate the size of your herd.
  • Install fans: Install fans in your hoop barn to help keep the air moving and keep the cows cool during hot weather.
  • Provide a comfortable bedding: Dairy cows need comfortable bedding to keep them from getting sore feet and legs. Make sure to provide them with a soft, cushioned bedding that’s designed for dairy cows.

Resources for Hoop Barns

If you’re considering building a hoop barn, there are a few resources you can use to get started. Here are a few of the most helpful:

  • Hoop Barn Kits: There are a variety of hoop barn kits available online. These kits typically include the necessary materials and instructions to help you build your hoop barn.
  • Building Plans: If you’d prefer to design your own hoop barn, there are a variety of building plans available online. These plans can help you create a customized structure that meets your specific needs.
  • Professional Help: If you need help designing or building your hoop barn, there are a variety of professionals who specialize in this type of structure. You can find them online or through your local agricultural extension office.


Hoop barns are an excellent option for cattle farmers looking for a cost-effective and efficient way to protect their livestock. They are easy to build and customize, and they offer a variety of benefits, including protection from the elements, improved air quality, and flexibility. With proper planning and care, you can ensure that your hoop barn will provide a safe and comfortable environment for your cattle.

Let us help you design a cattle building. With our expertise and experience, we can help you create a hoop barn that meets your needs and budget. Contact us today to get started.

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